Identifying future hotspots of fire danger in the tropics: climate fire predictions for 2050, 2075 and 2100
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Roman-Cuesta RM, Lizano G. 2020. Identifying future hotspots of fire danger in the tropics: climate fire predictions for 2050, 2075 and 2100. Wageningen, The Netherlands: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS).
Permanent link to cite or share this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10568/111058
Recent bursts in the incidence of large wildfires worldwide have raised concerns about the influence that climate and humans may have on future fire activity. Climate strongly influences global wildfire activity, and recent wildfire surges may signal fire weather-induced pyrogeographic shifts. Fire weather seasons have lengthened across ca.3 0 million km2 (25 % of the Earth’s vegetated surface), resulting in an 19% increase in global mean fire weather season length, which would allow for a doubling of the global burnable area affected if these fire weather changes were coupled with ignition sources and available fuel, which are largely controlled by humans. Disagreement exists on the relative importance of climate versus human drivers in shaping global fire regimes, with a particular gap in the pantropical region where fire has had a long presence in savannas, montane grasslands and dry forest ecosystems, but it has had a much more recent, infrequent and unknown role in many moist forest ecosystems such as rainforests and cloud montane forests. Either climate or human induced, scenarios of future increases in burned area (fire danger) are needed to i) navigate fire danger reduction policies (e.g fire management that controls prevention, suppression and restoration), ii) to understand how to improve fire-resilient landscapes, iii) to reduce Greenhouse Gas emissions from fire, particularly in regions with carbon-dense fires, and iv) to support capacity building for effective fire management development and implementation. In this research we map pantropical future fire danger in 2050 (2025-2049), 2075 (2050-2074), 2100 (2075-2099). Fire danger is here understood as the probability of fire spreading over more extended areas under severe climatic conditions (precipitation, temperature and drought), under more extreme future conditions determined by the CMIP5 data. Because human decisions on the land are difficult to model and project in the future, we here focus on projecting climate-driven fire danger only.
SubjectsLOW EMISSIONS DEVELOPMENT;
- CCAFS Reports