Undercropping coffee with forage legumes
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CTA. 1990. Undercropping coffee with forage legumes. Spore 26. CTA, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Permanent link to cite or share this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/45251
External link to download this item: http://collections.infocollections.org/ukedu/en/d/Jcta26e/
ILCA (International Livestock Centre for Africa) trials in Ethiopia have shown that planting legumes under coffee trees can produce substantial amounts of high-quality forage and also increase yields of coffee. Coffee is the major cash crop of...
ILCA (International Livestock Centre for Africa) trials in Ethiopia have shown that planting legumes under coffee trees can produce substantial amounts of high-quality forage and also increase yields of coffee. Coffee is the major cash crop of sub-humid, medium-altitude acid-soil areas of East Africa. In the traditional farmins~ systems around Soddo, Wolaita, Ethiopia, where livestock are also an important component, coffee trees are allowed to grow unpruned. Weeds grow thinly under the heavy shade of the canopy. The weeds are cut and fed to cattle just before the coffee is harvested, so that fallen berries may be retrieved. In times of fodder shortages - during drought, for instance - the weeds can be cut for feed more frequently. The areas under coffee offer an opportunity to further intensify the region's farming systems by introducing a forage legume undercrop. This produces a highquality forage and at the same time enhances soil fertility by biological nitrogen fixation. ILCA is currently experimenting with shade-tolerant legumes such as Desmodium intortum (Greenleaf), which grows well under coffee trees and regrows well after beins: cut back severely. Coffee yields have been found to be superior to those of trees with no legume undercrop. Dr.John Lazier ILCA PO Box 5689 Addis Ababa ETHIOPIA
SubjectsCROP PRODUCTION AND PROTECTION;
- CTA Spore (English)