Fruits for nutritional benefit 1
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CTA. 2007. Fruits for nutritional benefit 1. Rural Radio Resource Pack 07/5. Wageningen, The Netherlands: CTA.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/57163
How to get the most from baobab.
Fruits for nutritional benefit 1 Cue: Indigenous fruits are free in most rural communities, and they can be easy to access, growing wild not far from the homestead. But despite this advantage, and even because of it, fruits from such trees are often called ?poor man?s food?. Their nutritional benefits are sometimes dismissed as ?old wives tales? and traditional recipes or preparation methods are being lost over time. In this next interview, Busani Bafana speaks to Tholakele Khumalo, a Government nutritionist based in Zimbabwe. She is in no doubt that the fruits from the baobab tree have many nutritious qualities. Listen to her recipes for preparing baobab fruit. It could be helpful for more than just soothing your hunger. IN: ?The baobab tree, it is already prepared as food? OUT: ?vitamins which will work as antioxidants.? DUR?N: 4?52? BACK ANNOUNCEMENT: That was Busani Bafana speaking to government nutritionist Tholakele Khumalo. Baobab is a good source of anti-oxidants, which protect cells from the damaging effects of aging. Did you know that baobab had such powerful qualities? The interview comes from a resource pack produced by CTA. Transcript Khumalo The baobab tree, it is already prepared as food. Because if you leave it to dry, inside the pulp becomes a powder. That powder you can keep for use in future or at the time you are just receiving it. If you have done that, that powder you can now mix it with water and make a sour drink. You can also use this sour drink to make porridge. The porridge is very good. The germs are destroyed because germs do not want to multiply in an acid condition. So when it is sour the germs cannot easily multiply. We like to use sour foods to prepare the porridge for infants so that when we are working in our fields the children can eat that porridge which will not have had germs or bacteria multiplying easily because of the sour situation. So that is why we like to use the baobab tree. Bafana What then are actually the nutritional benefits of this particular fruit? Khumalo I can say one, it is rich in vitamin C. Vitamin C is good for the bones to grow. So the vitamin C which is there works with other nutrients to strengthen the bones of our young people and ourselves especially the aged and the children. Bafana Is the baobab fruit readily available throughout the year or is it a seasonal fruit? Khumalo Although baobab fruit is seasonal as long as it is not opened it can be kept throughout the year so that you can have the use of the baobab fruit throughout the year. Bafana I know the baobab fruit has a hard core, how could you tell when it is ripe? Khumalo It becomes dry. Once it is ripe it becomes dry and you can pick it and go and keep it within the home so that it can be used at any time so that it can strengthen our bodies working with these other nutrients to strengthen our systems. Bafana You mentioned in fact two recipes that you could prepare food from. You mentioned the porridge and you also mentioned the drink. Are recipes for the preparation of this fruit written down or most of the time you can rely on memory? Khumalo Generally as you know we Africans do not usually write about our things, we talk about them. We demonstrate by cooking and so the family is going to learn. I have tried to write some of these recipes down. Bafana Where you have farmers near a remote location who may not have access to maybe a project like yours where you are writing down the recipe, can the recipe be retained by memory and if so what are the really the hooks to remembering it? Khumalo The recipes I have talked about here are very simple. One, you pound the white stuff of the pulp inside, not the seed but the pulp. When that pulp you have made it into a powder you can mix it with water, it is very easy and you drink or you can make your porridge. When the porridge is ready you can pour your white powder there and mix it. It is your choice of how you want to make the porridge sour. If you want to prevent the germs you have to cook it together with the porridge so that it is already mixed. Do not mix it when you are eating because if you are mixing when you are eating the bacteria will have already multiplied. But if you mix it when it was hot the sourness of my porridge, the acidity of my porridge will prevent the multiplication of germs. You should not cook and leave the porridge sour and put to stand for a long time. Always put it when it is hot so that there is no multiplication of bacteria. So you know it is safe. Bafana Given the nutritional benefits of wild fruit such as the baobab that you have talked about can wild fruit then be promoted as an alternative to the usual fruits? Khumalo Oh yes, you know especially in these days when the situation of HIV/AIDS needs what we usually call antioxidant, you need vitamin C, vitamin A and other vitamins which will work as antioxidants. End of track.