Phenalenone-type phytoalexins mediate resistance of banana plants (Musa spp.) to the burrowing nematode Radopholus similis
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Hoelscher, D.; Suganthagunthalam, D.; Alexandrov, T. (et al.) [Swennen, R.L.] -2014-Phenalenone-type phytoalexins mediate resistance of banana plants (Musa spp.) to the burrowing nematode Radopholus similis-Proceedings of the National Acedemy of Sciences (PNAS) 111 (1)-p. 105-110
Permanent link to cite or share this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/66044
The global yield of bananas, one of the most important food crops is severely hampered by parasites, such as nematodes, which cause yield losses up to 75%. Plant nematode interactions of two banana cultivars differing in susceptibility to Radopholus similis were investigated by combining the conventional and spatially resolved analytical techniques 1H NMR spectroscopy, matrix-free UV-laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometric imaging, and Raman microspectroscopy. This innovative combination of analytical techniques was applied to isolate, identify, and locate the banana-specific type of phytoalexins, phenylphenalenones, in the R. similis-caused lesions of the plants. The striking antinematode activity of the phenylphenalenone anigorufone, its ingestion by the nematode, and its subsequent localization in lipid droplets within the nematode is reported. The importance of varying local concentrations of these specialized metabolites in infected plant tissues, their involvement in the plant's defense system, and derived strategies for improving banana resistance are highlighted.