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dc.contributor.authorMakate, Clifton
dc.contributor.authorWang, Rongchang
dc.contributor.authorMakate, Marshall
dc.contributor.authorMango, Nelson
dc.date.accessioned2016-07-26T22:09:31Z
dc.date.available2016-07-26T22:09:31Z
dc.date.issued2016-07-19
dc.identifier.citationMakate, Clifton; Wang, Rongchang; Makate, Marshall; Mango, Nelson. 2016. Crop diversification and livelihoods of smallholder farmers in Zimbabwe: adaptive management for environmental change. SpringerPlus . 5: 1135.en_US
dc.identifier.issn2193-1801
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10568/76278
dc.description.abstractThis paper demonstrates how crop diversification impacts on two outcomes of climate smart agriculture; increased productivity (legume and cereal crop productivity) and enhanced resilience (household income, food security, and nutrition) in rural Zimbabwe. Using data from over 500 smallholder farmers, we jointly estimate crop diversification and each of the outcome variables within a conditional (recursive) mixed process framework that corrects for selectivity bias arising due to the voluntary nature of crop diversification. We find that crop diversification depends on the land size, farming experience, asset wealth, location, access to agricultural extension services, information on output prices, low transportation costs and general information access. Our results also indicate that an increase in the rate of adoption improves crop productivity, income, food security and nutrition at household level. Overall, our results are indicative of the importance of crop diversification as a viable climate smart agriculture practice that significantly enhances crop productivity and consequently resilience in rural smallholder farming systems. We, therefore, recommend wider adoption of diversified cropping systems notably those currently less diversified for greater adaptation to the ever-changing climate.en_US
dc.format.extent5: 1135en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherSpringerOpenen_US
dc.sourceSpringerOpenen_US
dc.subjectCLIMATE-SMART AGRICULTUREen_US
dc.subjectFOOD SECURITYen_US
dc.subjectCROP DIVERSIFICATIONen_US
dc.subjectLIVELIHOODSen_US
dc.subjectSMALLHOLDERSen_US
dc.subjectAGRICULTURA CLIMÁTICAMENTE INTELIGENTEen_US
dc.subjectSEGURIDAD ALIMENTARÍAen_US
dc.subjectDIVERSIFICACIÓN DE CULTIVOSen_US
dc.subjectMEDIOS DE VIDAen_US
dc.subjectZIMBABWEen_US
dc.titleCrop diversification and livelihoods of smallholder farmers in Zimbabwe: adaptive management for environmental changeen_US
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.subject.ciatCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATIONen_US
cg.identifier.statusUnrestricted Accessen_US
cg.identifier.doihttps://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40064-016-2802-4en_US
cg.isijournalISI Journalen_US
cg.coverage.regionAFRICAen_US
cg.coverage.regionSOUTHERN AFRICAen_US
cg.coverage.countryZIMBABWEen_US


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