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dc.contributor.authorPaul, Birthe K.
dc.contributor.authorMuhimuzi, Fabrice L.
dc.contributor.authorBacigale, Samy B.
dc.contributor.authorWimba, Benjamin M. M.
dc.contributor.authorChiuri, Wanjiku L.
dc.contributor.authorAmzati, Gaston S.
dc.contributor.authorMaass, Brigitte L.
dc.date.accessioned2016-10-21T20:30:04Z
dc.date.available2016-10-21T20:30:04Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.citationPaul, Birthe K.; Muhimuzi, Fabrice L.; Bacigale, Samy B.; Wimba, Benjamin M. M.; Chiuri, Wanjiku L.; Amzati, Gaston S.; Maass, Brigitte L.. 2016. Towards an assessment of on-farm niches for improved forages in Sud-Kivu, DR Congo . Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics 117(2): 243-254.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1612-9830
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10568/77352
dc.description.abstractInadequate quantity and quality of livestock feed is a persistent constraint to productivity for mixed crop-livestock farming in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. To assess on-farm niches of improved forages, demonstration trials and participatory on-farm research were conducted in four different sites. Forage legumes included Canavalia brasiliensis (CIAT 17009), Stylosanthes guianensis (CIAT 11995) and Desmodium uncinatum (cv. Silverleaf), while grasses were Guatemala grass (Tripsacum andersonii), Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum) French Cameroon, and a local Napier line. Within the first six months, forage legumes adapted differently to the four sites with little differences among varieties, while forage grasses displayed higher variability in biomass production among varieties than among sites. Farmers’ ranking largely corresponded to herbage yield from the first cut, preferring Canavalia, Silverleaf desmodium and Napier French Cameroon. Choice of forages and integration into farming systems depended on land availability, soil erosion prevalence and livestock husbandry system. In erosion prone sites, 55–60%of farmers planted grasses on field edges and 16–30% as hedgerows for erosion control. 43% of farmers grew forages as intercrop with food crops such as maize and cassava, pointing to land scarcity. Only in the site with lower land pressure, 71% of farmers grew legumes as pure stand. When land tenure was not secured and livestock freely roaming, 75% of farmers preferred to grow annual forage legumes instead of perennial grasses. Future research should develop robust decision support for spatial and temporal integration of forage technologies into diverse smallholder cropping systems and agro-ecologies.en_US
dc.format.extent117(2): 243-254en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherKassel University Press GmBHen_US
dc.sourceJournal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropicsen_US
dc.subjectFORAGEen_US
dc.subjectPENNISETUM PURPUREUMen_US
dc.subjectFARMING SYSTEMSen_US
dc.subjectLIVESTOCKen_US
dc.subjectLEGUMESen_US
dc.subjectSMALLHOLDERSen_US
dc.subjectFORRAJESen_US
dc.subjectSISTEMAS DE EXPLOTACIÓNen_US
dc.subjectGANADOen_US
dc.subjectLEGUMINOSASen_US
dc.titleTowards an assessment of on-farm niches for improved forages in Sud-Kivu, DR Congoen_US
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.subject.ciatFARMING SYSTEMSen_US
cg.subject.ciatLIVESTOCKen_US
cg.subject.ciatTROPICAL FORAGESen_US
cg.identifier.statusUnrestricted Accessen_US
cg.identifier.urlhttp://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2016092050939/887en_US
cg.identifier.dataurlhttp://dx.doi.org/10.7910/DVN/HBO4EC
cg.coverage.regionAFRICAen_US
cg.coverage.regionCENTRAL AFRICAen_US
cg.coverage.countryCONGO, DRen_US
cg.contributor.crpIntegrated Systems for the Humid Tropicsen_US
cg.creator.idBirthe Paul: 0000-0002-5994-5354
cg.creator.idBrigitte L. Maass: 0000-0002-6164-3515


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