Leaf phosphate status, photosynthesis and carbon partitioning in sugar beet
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Rao, Idupulapati Madhusudana; Terry, Norman. 1995. Leaf phosphate status, photosynthesis and carbon partitioning in sugar beet. Plant Physiology (USA) 107(4):1313-1321.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/77754
The effect of low phosphate supply (low P) was determined on the diurnal changes in the rate of carbon export, and on the contents of starch, sucrose, glucose, and fructose 2,6-bisphosphate (F2,6BP) in leaves. Low-P effects on the activities of a number of enzymes involved in starch and sucrose metabolism were also measured. Sugar beets (Beta vulgaris L. cv. F58-554H1) were cultured hydroponically in growth chambers and the low-P treatment induced nutritionally. Low-P treatment decreased carbon export from the leaf much more than it decreased photosynthesis. At growth chamber photon flux density, low P decreased carbon export by 34% in light; in darkness, export rates fell but more so in the control so that the average rate in darkness was higher in low-P leaves. Low P increased starch, sucrose, and glucose contents per leaf area, and decreased F2, 6BP. The total extractable activities of enzymes involved in starch and sucrose synthesis were increased markedly by low P, e.g. adenosine 5-diphosphoglucose pyrophosphorylase, cytoplasmic fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase, uridine 5-diphosphoglucose pyrophosphorylase, and sucrose-phosphate synthase. The activities of some enzymes involved in starch and sucrose breakdown were also increased by low P. We propose that plants adapt to low-P environments by increasing the total activities of several phosphatases and by increasing the concentrations of phosphate-free carbon compounds at the expense of sugar phosphates, thereby conserving Pi. The partitioning of carbon among the various carbon pools in low-P adapted leaves appears to be determined in part by the relative capacities of the enzymes for starch and sucrose metabolism.
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