Cultivating the desert: irrigation expansion and groundwater abstraction in northern state, Sudan
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Fragaszy, S.; Closas, Alvar. 2016. Cultivating the desert: irrigation expansion and groundwater abstraction in northern state, Sudan. Water Alternatives, 9(1):139-161.
Permanent link to cite or share this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/78149
External link to download this item: http://www.water-alternatives.org/index.php/alldoc/articles/vol9/v9issue1/308-a9-1-7/file
This study examines the socioeconomic features that underpin the expansion of groundwater-dependent irrigation in Northern State, Sudan. Groundwater development in the region serves as an economic lifeline given the poor Nile-based irrigation infrastructure and future changes in Nile hydrology. Groundwater-dependent irrigation is found to be expanding in previously uncultivated regions increasingly distant from the Nile. The study finds these historically marginal lands are targeted for capital-intensive agricultural projects because landholding patterns in traditionally cultivated areas preclude new large developments and improved infrastructure has lowered farming costs in distant terraces. Private companies and large landholders have a history of successful agricultural ventures in Northern State and are reliant on easily accessible and reliable groundwater resources for these new farms.
GROUNDWATER EXTRACTION; GROUNDWATER IRRIGATION; WATER RESOURCES; WATER USE; WATER POLICY; WATER ALLOCATION; CULTIVATED LAND; DESERTS; IRRIGATION; SURFACE IRRIGATION; AGRICULTURE; IRRIGATED FARMING; LAND TENURE; LAND OWNERSHIP; SOCIOECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT; INFRASTRUCTURE; HYDROGEOLOGY; STATE INTERVENTION; WHEATS
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