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dc.contributor.authorTamò, M.
dc.contributor.authorSrinivasan, R.
dc.contributor.authorDannon, E.A.
dc.contributor.authorAgboton, C.
dc.contributor.authorDatinon, B.
dc.contributor.authorDabiré, C.
dc.contributor.authorBaoua, I.
dc.contributor.authorBa, Malick N.
dc.contributor.authorHaruna, B.
dc.contributor.authorPittendrigh, Barry R.
dc.identifier.citationTamo, M., Srinivasan, R., Dannon, E., Agboton, C., Datinon, B., Dabire, C. ...& Pittendrigh, B. (2012). Biological control: a major component for the longterm cowpea pest management strategy. In: Proceedings of the Fifth World Cowpea Conference on improving livelihoods in the cowpea value chain through advancement in science, held in Saly: Innovative research along the cowpea value chain, (pp. 249-259), 27 Sept. - 1 October, Ibadan, Nigeria.en_US
dc.description.abstractCurrent strategies to control insect pest problems in cowpea include, on the preventive side, host plant resistance and conservation biological control. Because very often these management options alone cannot provide adequate control, curative measures need to be taken, which include augmentative and inundative biological control, the application of biopesticides, and the judicious use of synthetic pesticides. Using synthetic pesticides as the first line of defense against insect pests is not considered a sustainable component of a long-term management strategy for various reasons, but mainly because of human and environmental health considerations. Hence, the development of biological-control-based interventions becomes an attractive and essential activity in cowpea pest management. Using the case studies of flower thrips and pod borers, we illustrate how biological control is developed and deployed. Each example starts with biodiversity studies to explore potential biological control candidates, and continues with the development of efficient rearing methodologies, combined with delivery systems. Irrespective of the target organism, whether a local or exotic parasitoid, or a biopesticide, each natural enemy needs to have its own deployment strategy. Thereby, apart from obvious ecological considerations determining the suitability of a particular biological control agent, one of the most critical factors for a successful biocontrol project is the development of efficient and simple delivery systems. In the case of classical biological control, this ought to be less important because the natural enemy was expected to spread by itself, so there is usually no need for interventions beyond inoculative releases. However, in some cases the use of an improved, semi-artificial inoculation system proved to be instrumental for successful establishment. The development of a robust system for rearing and deploying natural enemies, if possible with full participation of farming communities, becomes even more crucial for augmentative/inundative biological control.en_US
dc.publisherInternational Institute of Tropical Agricultureen_US
dc.subjectPEST CONTROLen_US
dc.titleBiological control: a major component for the longterm cowpea pest management strategyen_US
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewen_US
dc.typeConference Proceedingsen_US
cg.authorship.typesCGIAR and developing country instituteen_US
cg.subject.iitaGRAIN LEGUMESen_US
cg.subject.iitaPESTS OF PLANTSen_US
cg.identifier.statusLimited Accessen_US
cg.contributor.affiliationInternational Institute of Tropical Agricultureen_US
cg.contributor.affiliationAsian Vegetable Research and Development Centeren_US
cg.contributor.affiliationInstitut National pour l'Etude et la Recherche Agronomiques, Burkina Fasoen_US
cg.contributor.affiliationInstitut National de la Recherche Agronomique du Nigeren_US
cg.contributor.affiliationCouncil for Scientific and Industrial Research, Ghanaen_US
cg.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Illinoisen_US
cg.fulltextstatusFormally Publisheden_US
cg.placeIbadan, Nigeriaen_US
cg.contributor.crpGrain Legumesen_US

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