Abundance and distribution of Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi species in longterm soil fertility management systems in northern Nigeria
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Emmanuel, B., Fagbola, O., Abaidoo, R., Osonubi, O. & Oyetunji, O. (2010). Abundance and distribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi species in long-term soil fertility management systems in northern Nigeria. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 33(9), 1264-1275.
Permanent link to cite or share this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/97225
Soil fertility management systems (SFMS) can influence the community structure of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). Hence, long-term SFMS was studied. The SFMS comprised three legume combinations, urea application and solely maize as control. Spores were extracted by wet sieving, characterized and identified using their morphology. Interrelationships between cropping systems and occurrence of AMF species were analyzed with genotype by environment (GGE) biplot. Seventeen species were identified with Glomus species (47.05%) having highest value while Gigaspora species had the least (11.76%). Legume residues significantly (P < 0.05) increased spore population with the highest spore count (120 spores/100 g soil) obtained in plot under cowpea residue. Shannon Weiner index (H′) of maize/Lablab purpureus plot was highest (1.996) while that of sole maize system was the least (1.550). The GGE indicated Glomus intraradices as a stable species across all the SFMS. Community structure of AMF and function can be preserved using appropriate SFMS.