Accelerating Agricultural Modernization in Developing Nations: A Summary of Findings and Suggestions from Agriculturists from Development Assistance Agencies, Bellagio, Italy, February 3-6, 1970 (Bellagio II)
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Memorandum prepared by Lowell Hardin of the Ford Foundation summarizing a conference of agricultural development experts held as a follow-up to the Conference on Agricultural Development of April 1969. The meeting was sponsored by the Rockefeller Foundation and held in at the Villa Serbelloni in Bellagio, Italy in February 1970. It was subsequently referred to as "Bellagio II." Participants reviewed the experience of the early years of the green revolution, and discussed possible ways of bringing similar improved technologies and varieties to bear on the crops and production systems of more marginal areas with harsher agricultural environments, including the possibility of additional IARCs based on the model of the existing four - IRRI, CIMMYT, CIAT, and IITA. Seven areas of research were identified as warranting consideration for new international research centers: 1. Water management2. Food legumes3. Starchy root crops4. Livestock systems in Southeast Asia5. Upland crops in Asia6. Farming systems in semi arid areas7. Policy, management, and socioeconomic research Given the resource requirements of continuing the existing centers and expanding international agricultural research, participants suggested the possibility of creating a consortium or consultative group as tentatively proposed by the World Bank.They also recommended special attention to economic and social problems, involvement of key scientists in a series of workshops, support to informational services for researchers, and a continued emphasis on training. There is an attached table of impressions of the adequacy of present technical knowledge for various crops and regions.